CBD stands for cannabidiol. It is one of over 100 naturally occurring compounds found within the cannabis sativa plant, called cannabinoids. If you’re looking for a more in-depth answer to this question check out our page devoted to this topic.
What is CBD Oil?
CBD Oil is a liquid extract commonly sourced from industrial hemp. It is widely used for overall health and well-being.
How Does CBD Work?
CBD binds to cannabinoid receptors found in the human endocannabinoid system (ECS). This vast network of receptors is present in almost every cell of the body and brain, which is why CBD may be useful for so many different conditions.
What are Cannabinoids?
Cannabinoids are natural chemical compounds produced in cannabis. When they are produced in the body, they are called endocannabinoids. When they are found in plants, they are called phytocannabinoids. They interact with the endocannabinoid system to maintain homeostasis.
What Is the Difference Between Hemp and Marijuana?
Hemp and marijuana are two varieties of cannabis. Although both plants contain CBD, it is found in more abundance in hemp, while THC is typically more abundant in marijuana strains. To be considered hemp, cannabis must contain less than 0.3% THC. The majority of CBD products are sourced from industrial hemp that has been grown for this purpose.
What is THC?
Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is another cannabinoid found in cannabis and the one which most people are familiar with. It is the primary psychoactive chemical in marijuana that is responsible for the high or euphoric feeling users get when they smoke or ingest it. Learn the differences between CBD and THC here.
Can CBD Make You High?
No. THC works directly on CB-1 receptors in the central nervous system. Although CBD contains the same molecules as THC, they are structured differently and interact indirectly with the body’s CB-2 receptors, which are located outside of the central nervous system. CBD will not cause a user to become stoned or high and is entirely non-intoxicating.
Is Hemp Seed Oil the Same as CBD Oil?
No. Hemp seed oil is made from the seeds of the plant and is considered a food-grade ingredient like olive oil or grapeseed oil. While it is often used as a carrier oil in CBD products, it does not have the same beneficial therapeutic qualities as CBD.
It is important to note that some retailers of CBD oil label their products as hemp oil, hemp extract, or hemp tincture, but this is still the same as CBD oil.
It is also important to note that some unscrupulous retailers try to pass off hemp seed oil as CBD oil, so it is always best to research a product before purchase to ensure it contains what it claims.
Is CBD Legal?
As per the Farm Bill of 2018, CBD is legal at the federal level in all 50 states. However, individual states have been given jurisdiction over how they want to interpret the new law. Therefore, it is vital to research your state if you are concerned over the legality of CBD products where you live.
Will CBD Cause Me to Fail a Drug Test?
It is unlikely that CBD alone will cause you to fail a drug test, but some products (full-spectrum oils in particular) contain up to 0.3% THC. This trace amount is not enough to cause impairment, but taken in high enough doses, it can (and has) caused people to fail drug screening tests. If you are concerned about this possibility, a CBD isolate product containing no THC is a good option.
What is Full-Spectrum CBD?
A full spectrum CBD oil contains not only CBD, but trace amounts of some of the other cannabinoids, terpenes, and plant matter found in hemp. It is believed to encourage the entourage effect, a proposed theory that all of these compounds working together are more beneficial to the body than if they were taken separately.
What is CBD Isolate?
CBD isolate is made through a processing method that removes all of the other cannabinoids, waxes, terpenes, and other plant matter until all that is left is a pure, white, crystalline powder containing 99% pure CBD. It is then combined with a carrier oil to make formulations that are THC free.
What is Broad Spectrum CBD?
Broad Spectrum CBD oil is usually created using the same method as CBD isolate products with an added step. Some of the beneficial terpenes and cannabinoids are added back into the formulation, minus the THC.
Is CBD Safe?
The World Health Organization has reported that “naturally occurring CBD is safe and well tolerated in humans and is not associated with any negative public health effects” Some users have reported nausea, lightheadedness, low-blood-pressure, dry-mouth, and drowsiness.
Can CBD Interact with Other Medications?
Yes. CBD can inhibit an enzyme called cytochrome P450, which is also found in grapefruit. This enzyme is involved in metabolizing certain drugs. Combining these drugs with CBD may increase or reduce the effects of them. Therefore, if you are taking prescription medication, you are advised to speak with your physician about potential side effects before taking CBD.
How Much CBD Should I Take?
There are currently no consistent dosing standards in the industry, and because different products contain varying amounts and potencies, there is no standard response to this question. We recommend starting with half of the dosage amount suggested on the label of your product and moving up from there until you experience the desired results.